快3

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中国文学网

从最“土”的学问中树立民族文化自信——著名民俗学家钟敬文的学术人生给学界的启示

祝晓风

 

 

2018年出版的《钟敬文全集》。资料图片 

快3  “kuawenhuashiyexiadezhongguoyouxiuchuantongwenhuajiaoyuyuchuanchengji《zhongjingwenquanji》chubanyuzhongjingwenxueshuwenhuasixiangzuotanhui”qunianzaijingzhaokai,longzhongjinian“zhongguominsuxuezhifu”zhongjingwenxiansheng,tongshijiu《zhongjingwenquanji》dechubanchengjiujinxingyantao。zhongjingwenbishengzhiliyuzhongguominjianwenxue、minsuxuedeyanjiuhechuangzuogongzuo,qixueshurenshengweikuai3liuxialebaoguicaifu。《zhongjingwenquanji》(gaodengjiaoyuchubanshe2018nianban,yixiajiancheng《quanji》)dechuban,weikuai3zhongxinshenshizhongjingwentigonglejianshidejichuhequanmiandeziliaoku。tongdu《quanji》keyikanchu,yongmakesizhuyizhidao,zuozhongguoxuewen,shizhongjingwenbishengxueshuhuodongzuituchudetexing,yeshizhongjingwenminsuxueyanjiudejingsui。

为民族解放复兴做学问 

  zaozai20shiji20niandai,zhongjingwenjiudaliangyuedulemakesizhuyizhuzuo,ru《gongchandangxuanyan》《gongchanzhuyiabc》《shehuizhuyishi》《shehuizuzhiyushehuigeming》。ciqian,tayidaliangyandufaguoshehuixuepaidelilun,mingbailewenxueyishuyijixinyangdengminsuxianxiangdeshehuixing。dagemingshibaihou,zhongjingwenjinyibuyanduwenxueyishuyijiyishixingtaifangmiandemakesizhuyizhuzuo,ruengeside《jiating、siyouzhiheguojiadeqiyuan》,lafagede《sixiangqiyuanlun》《caichanqiyuanlun》、bogedanuofude《shehuiyishixuedagang》、puliehannuofude《meiyoudizhidexin》《yishuyushehuishenghuo》,yijimeilin、fulicaidemeixue、yishuxuezhuzuodeng,qizhongpuliehannuofudeyixiezhuzuo,zhongjingwenfanfusongdu,shenshouziyang。20shiji30niandaizhonghouqi,zhongjingwenfabiaode《minjianwenyixuedekuai3》《minjianyishutansuodexinzhankai》shoucitichuminjianwenyixuekuai3dewenti,bingyunyongmakesizhuyiguandiantichuminjianyishuyingweidazhongkuai3。zaibuduanxuexihejileideguochengzhong,zhongjingwendesixiangcongyibandexueshuyanjiu,zhujianshangshengdaozijueweiminzujiefang、minzufuxinglaizuoxuewen。

  zhongjingwenzhuyidao,wanqingyilaibushaowaiguorenlaihua,liyonggezhongjihui,soujizhongguodeminsuziliao,huiquxietamendeshu,youdehaijinxingzhiminwenhuaxuanchuan,erzheixiewaiguorenquefanguolaishuozhongguorenquefaxiangxiangli,zheiduizhongjingwencijihenda。taxiajuexincongwenyichuangzuozhuanxiangminsuyanjiu。kangzhanqijian,zhongjingwencengxiebicongrong。kangzhanzhongdeshenghuo,shitademakesizhuyishehuiguan、xueshuguanherenshengguantongyiqilai,tashenqietihuidao,buguanzaiyibanwenyililunshang,haishizaiminsuxuelilunshang,douyaoyushehuiherenminbaochimiqieguanxi,“zainaohaizhong,zheishiyigezuizhongyaodezhenlibiaozhun”。

脚板始终走在民间的土地上 

  yongmakesizhuyizhidao,zuozhongguoxuewen,jiushiyaoyunyongmakesizhuyidelichang、guandianhefangfa。zhongjingwenrenwei,makesizhuyibenshenjiubaohanzheshizhengjingshen。makesijiang,“yanjiubixuchongfendizhanyoucailiao”。zhongjingwenyeyiguanqiangdiaoshizheng,yaoqiumeiyijuhuadouyaoyougenju,“chuantongfangfashizhaocailiaolaizhengmingxianchengdejielun,makesizhuyideshizhengfangfazeyaoqiu,lilunjielunzhinengcongxianshicailiaozhongchouyinchulai”(liushuzi: 《zhongjingwenxianshengyumakesizhuyi》)。

  zaijishiniandezhixueshengyazhong,zhongjingwenfeichangzhuzhongtianyediaocha,congqingnianshijiuzhashidizuozuijichudemingesoujigongzuo,bingbaminsuxue、renleixuedeyanjiufangfayingyongyuzhongguominjianwenyiyanjiu。zhengyinweishurenzhongguominjianwenxue,tacainengzhenqiedilijiezhongguominjianwenyi,dudongtingdongzhongguoguangdalaodongrenmindexinsheng,zhunquedifenxigaikuochuminjianwenxuedejibentezheng,jijitixing、koutouxing、bianyixinghechuanchengxing。tazhubiande《minsuxuegailun》,kaipianjicongtantaominsudejibentezhengheshehuigongnengkaishi。zai《minjianwenxue》(xianggangban)zhong,tazeliezhuanzhangtaolun“minjianwenxuedeshehuixue”,yijiminjianwenxuedeshehuijineng、zuoyong、jiazhi。zheixielunshu,doujizhongtixianlezhongjingwenzhijieyunyongmakesizhuyideguandian、fangfadechengguo。zhongjingwenduoniancongshiminsuxueyanjiu,jielunjiushi,“shenganlishiweiwuzhuyiheweiwubianzhengfa,duiyuyanjiuminsuwenhuashixiangzhiweizhongyao”。

快3  zhongjingwenbingbushijiaotiaodi、jianghuadilijiemakesizhuyi,yebushibamakesizhuyililunzuoweijingzhideciju。tashuo,“makesizhuyishichanshishehui、ziranherenshengdedaxuewen,tadebianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyiyuanlishijiqishenkede。kuai3yinggainatalaizhidaoxueshudefazhan,batadangzuozongtixingdezhidaofangfa。danduiyunyongmakesizhuyiderenlaishuo,yebunengsixiangjianghua,gaojiaotiaohua。chulemakesizhuyi,zaigemenjutidexuekeshang,haiyaoshiyongshihegeziyanjiuduixiangdexuekelilunhejutifangfa,bingzhuyifayangbenminzuyouliangdeguoxuechuantong”。zhongjingwenbamakesizhuyiyoujidiyunyongyuzhongguominsuxueyanjiudejutishijianzhong,bianzhengdi、lishidiyanjiuzhonghuachuantongwenhua,zheirangtaqudelejushizhumudechengjiu。

尊重中国传统文化的特性,不怕土,不避俗 

快3  yongmakesizhuyizhidao,zuozhongguoxuewen,jiushiyaoduizhongguorenminyoushenqiederenwenguanhuai,weizhongguodewenhuaxueshufazhankuai3;jiushiyaoshenrudi、kexuedi、jiaotashididiyanjiuzhongguodeshehuixianshi,yanjiuzhongguodelishiwenhua。zheizhongyanjiu,biranyaoyouzhongguoxueshudexingshi,zunzhongzhongguochuantongwenhuadetexing,bupatu,bubisu。feiruci,bianbunengshulizhongguodewenhuazixinhexueshuzixin。

  yongmakesizhuyizhidao,zuozhongguoxuewen,jiyiweizhecongzhongguokanshijie,yeyiweizhecongshijiekanzhongguo。juyouguojixueshuhongkuoshiyedezhongjingwen,bazhonghuaminzudechuantongwenhuafenweisantiaoganliu: shangcengwenhua,zhuyaoshifengjiandizhujiejisuochuangzaohexiangyongdewenhua;zhongcengwenhua,zhuyaoshishiminwenhua;haiyouxiacengwenhua,jiyouguangdanongminjiqitalaodongrenminsuochuangzaohechuanchengdewenhua。

快3  zhongxiacengwenhuajiminsuwenhua,shiminzuwenhuazhongyaode、bukehushideyibufen。danzaizhangqidefengjianshangcengwenhuazhudaodelishishiqi,zheibufenwenhuabeitongzhijiejihushi,shoujingyingjiecengqishi,yebuzaizhuliudexueshuyanjiushiyezhinei。xinwenhuayundongxingqihou,zhuliuxueshujiecaikaishibaxiangdangdezhuyilifangdaoyiminjianwenyiweidaibiaodezhongxiacengwenhuashang。zaizheiyangdeshidaibeijingxia,zhongjingwencongxiejiushizhuanerxiexinshi,congjiuwenxuezhuanxiangxinwenxue,bingbazhuyaojingliyouwenxuechuangzuozhuanertouzhudaoduizhongguominjianwenyiheminsuxuedexueshuyanjiuzhong,bishengzhiliyukanqilaizui“tu”dexuewen,zizikuku,fanbashinian。

快3  zhongjingwendeyanjiuzhengming,kuai3guominsuwenhuaheminjianwenyiyuanyuanliuzhang、bodajingshen,zhigenyushenhoubodadezhonghuachuantongwenhuawotu,shizhonghuachuantongwenhuadezhongyaozuchengbufen,yeshizhonghuawenmingdezhongyaochengzaihetixian。zhongjingwendexueshushijianhaizhaoshikuai3,zuoxuewenbixujianshouminzuchuantong,lizudangdaixianshi,baxuewenluoshidaozhongguodadishang,zheiyangdexuewencaihuiyoushengjiyuhuoli。

快3  xijinpingzongshujizhichu,“chuanchengzhonghuawenhua,juebushijiandanfugu,yebushimangmupaiwai,ershiguweijinyong、yangweizhongyong,bianzhengqushe、tuichenchuxin,bingqixiaojiyinsu,jichengjijisixiang,‘yigurenzhiguiju,kaizijizhishengmian’,shixianzhonghuawenhuadechuangzaoxingzhuanhuahechuangxinxingfazhan”。chuban《zhongjingwenquanji》,shixueshujie、chubanjieguancheluoshixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdezhongyaojucuo,shichuanchenghongyangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuadezhongyaochengguo。makesizhuyizhongguohua,huashenme?ruhehua?zhongjingwenxianshengyongtadexueshurenshengjichuleyigeshengdongeryoulidedaan: jiushiyongmakesizhuyizhidao,zuozhongguoxuewen。

 (作者: 中国社会科学院习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心 

执笔人: 祝晓风,中国社会科学院文学研究所编审)

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