快3

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中国文学网

规范性的建构论解读

马晨

  muqian,guifanxingwentiyijingchengweizhexueyanjiuderedian,guanyuguifanxingdejichuhebenzhideyanjiuyechuxianlexuduolilunyuliupai。qizhong,duiguifanxinglilundejiangoulunjiedushizuiweizhongyaodelujingzhiyi。xuejieyibanjiangzheizhongyanjiulujingzhuisudaokangde,erduikangdezhexuejinxingjiangoulunjieduzuizaoshiyouluoersikaiqide。danshi,zaiguifanxingshiyexia,kangdezhexueneibucunzaiyixienanyijiejuedewenti。zheicushibulandundengrenjiangguifanxingdejiangoulunyanjiucongkangdetuijindaoheigeer。tongguoxiangxichanfaheigeerzhexue,bulandunzhubujianliqiyitaowanzhengdeguifanxinglilun。

  罗尔斯对康德哲学的建构论解读 

  luoersiduikangdedejiangoulunchanfazuizaoshizaiyuhelizhijuezhuyideduibizhongxingchengde。helizhijuezhuyishilaibunicidengrenchiyoudeyizhongdaodelilun,renweikuai3daodepanduandebiaozhunzaiyushifoufuheyigexianzaidedaodezhixu,zheiyizhixujianlizaigegeduixiangdeguanxizhishang,bingqiebuyilaiyugerenjishehui,danpinglixingtuilijiunengfaxian。tashiyige“xianyuhuoduliyuguanyuren、shehuiyijidaodexueshuogonggongshehuizuoyongguanniandedaodejiazhizhixu”。shishishang,zheishiyizhongdaodeshizailundelichang,laibunicirenweiqikeyiyouxiaofangzhihuaiyizhuyi、ziranzhuyideweixie。

快3  raner,luoersirenweikangdede“zilv”gainianqiaqiafanduizheizhongsuoweidehelizhijuezhuyi。duiyukangdelaishuo,yaoxiangzhenzhengshixiandaodexingdong,zuoweishijianlixingnenglideyizhibenshenbixuwanquangenjuwutiaojiandefazelaiqueding,erbunengyourenhejingyanyinsudecanyu。zhengshiyouyuyizhideguidinggenjushiwutiaojiandedaodefaze,erbushiourandejingyantiaojian,yinci,renleibushipingjiezheziranyinguoxingxingdong,ershizaiguifantiaojianxiaziyouxingdong。renleidexingdongbenzhishangzhinengshiyouguifanjuedingdexingdong,erguifanzaigainianshangshimingquede。zheiyangyilai,lixingrenjiushianzhaoguifandegainianlaixingdongde,renleihuodongyejiubiranshigainianxingheguifanxingde。duiyukangdelaishuo,fanchouyuwutiaojiandedaodefazegouchenglejingyanshijieheziyouxingdongdeguifan,dantamenbingfeishiyouwaibushijieqiangjiajirenzishende,ershiyouren“zhuguan”chanshengde。fanchouzuoweijingyanchengqikenengdekeguantiaojianwanquanshizifade,shiyizhong“zijichanshengbiaoxiangdenengli”。zuoweichuncuigainian,fanchoubunengchanshengyujingyan,yinerbunengyouduixiangguiding,xiangfan,fanchouguidingduixiang。zhengruchuncuizhiguanxingshibushiwaizaiyuzhutidexingshi,ershikuai3yiqiezhiguandezhuguantiaojian,chuncuigainianhuofanchoutongyangbushiduiwaizaixingshideganzhi,ershirenleijingyandezhuguantiaojian。yejiushishuo,fanchousuzaolexianshishijie,tamenshijuyoukeguanyouxiaoxingdezhuguansiweitiaojian。leisidi,wutiaojiandedaodefazezaikeguanshangyeshiyouxiaode,tongyangkeyiguidingkeganzhidexianshishijie。danshi,daodefazebenshenjuebunengpingjingyandechu,yinweiruguoguidingyizhidedaodefazeshijingyanxingde,neimeyizhijiumeiyoulezizhuxing,renmendexingdongjiuhuishifeiziyouhefeidaodede。kangderenwei,juedingxingdongxuyaolianggetiaojian: yigeshizuoweiguilvdekeguantiaojian,lingyigeshizuoweimudedezhuguantiaojian,zhiyoudangzheilianggetiaojianzhongheshi,renmencaihuichanshengdaodexingwei。

  从康德到社会化的黑格尔 

  duikangdedaodezhexuedezenancongqidanshengzhiriqijiuyijingkaishi。muqian,xuejieyizhengminglelixingbenshenzuoweijiazhiyuguifanlaiyuandezhuduobeimiuzhichu。danshi,zhenzhengcongguifanxingshiyejieshiqingchuweihebixuconglixingzilvdekangdezouxiangshehuihuadeheigeerdedaibiaorenwudangshubulandun,taduikangdeguifanxingliluntichuleliangdianpiping。

  shouxian,kangdemeiyou“duiguidingjingyandegainiandequedingxingtiaojianjinxingchongfendeyanjiu”。yejiushishuo,tameiyouduigainianruhenenggoubaguifanjiazhiyujingyanzhishangjinxingshuoming。bulandunrenwei,heigeerjichengkangdezhexuedegenbenzhichuzaiyuduigainianguifanxingdechengnuo。xingdongzhengqueyufouyaoshoudaogainiandepinggu,yaoyou“getizaizhixinggaixingweishiyinhandeyueshuzijideguizehuoguifansuojueding”。kangdebayiqianzhexuejiazhuyifenxiwulishishihejingshenshishidebentilunshijiaozhuanyidaoqufenshishiyujiazhideyiwulunshijiaoshanglai,bingbalijiegainianguifankenengxingdexingzhihetiaojianzuoweizhexuedezhongxinwenti。danshi,kangderenweigainianguifanyujingyanzhijiandeguanxishijiangside、jingtaide,heigeerzerenweigainianneirongchanshengyuyingyonggainiandeguocheng,congershigainianjuyoudongtaideguifanyiyi。qici,kangdemeiyoujiejuegainianguifandeqiyuanwenti。yijukangdedaodezhexuedeneirong,daodefazehedaodezerenbumianfashengchongtu。bulandunrenwei,zheishimeiyoubagainianguifankanzuoqiyuanyuhuxiangchengrendeshehuidejieguo。kangderenweizuoweidaodezerenyijudeziyoushixianyanziyou,renhejianchiziyouyudaodezerenyouguandezhuzhang,jibaziyoukanzuojuezeshanedenengli,doubuhuibaxianyanziyoudengtongyulixingziyou。erruguofangqilixingziyou,yejiuyiweizhefangqizilvdeguannian。bulandunrenwei,zhiyoushiyongzhuyihuadeheigeercainengkefukangdeeryuanlundekunjing,zhiyoubashehuikanzuojiazhiyuguifandelaiyuancainengzhengquedishuomingguifanxingwenti。

  建构论视域中的黑格尔规范性理论 

  zaidui《jingshenxianxiangxue》dejieduzhong,bulandunchengrenheigeershiyigekeguanweixinzhuyizhexuejia,renweitafazhanleyizhongjiyubuxiangrongguanxideruodezhengtilun。suoweibuxiangrong,shijishangshiyizhongshizhibuxiangrong,jiheigeersuojiangdequedingxingdefouding。

快3  heigeerjiweizhongshigainianzaizhexuetixizhongdezuoyong,yifangmian,heigeerbagainiankanzuocunzaidebenzhi,renweicunzaizhishigainiandewaihua。lingyifangmian,heigeerrenweigainianneibucunzaiyigefazhandeguocheng,qiequanbugainiangouchengyigezhengti,gainianzhiyouzaixianghulianxizhongcainengdeyishixian。youci,bulandunfazhanchuleheigeerguanyuguifanlilundelianggejibensixiang。diyi,zuoweishiwubenzhidegainianjuyouguifanshiwufazhandezuoyong。zuoweilixingdecunzaizhe,kuai3shitongguoyizhongnenggoushiyonggainiandenengliyuqitashengwuqubiekailaide,gainianbushishiwudeguanniantushi,ershikuai3zhengquelijieshiwudeguize。heigeersuodaibiaodekeguanweixinzhuyideyigejibenzhuzhangjiushisiweiyucunzaitongyi,jisiweideluojijiegouyucunzaideluojijiegoushitongyide。renzhiyoutongguosiweicainengbawoxianshishijie,erduixianshishijiejinxingsiweidebawojiushitongguogainianlairenshishijie。zheiyangyilai,zaigainianzhiwaibiewutawu,heigeerweikuai3tigongleyifuyougainiangouzaodeshijietujing。dier,jiyubuxiangrongguanxideruodezhengtilunshiyizhongtuilizhuyi。quedingxingdeneirongzhiyoutongguoxianghuguanxicainengshixian。renhezhijiedezhishidoubujuyouzhenlixing。zai《jingshenxianxiangxue》zhong,heigeerjiuduiganxingquedingxingjinxinglepipan,renweikuai3bunengzhenzhengrenshizhijiedeganjuejingyan,zheizhongzhijiexingdezhishibuguoshimeiyourenheguidingxingdegebieeryi,zhenzhengdezhishizhinengtongguojianjiedefangshihuode。zheichongfentixianleheigeerluojixuedetedian,shiwudoushihuxianglianxide,meiyourenhegulidegeti,yemeiyourenhegulideluojigainian。

  heigeerzaijichengkangdezhexueguanyugainiandezhongyaojiedushi,yifangmianduizuoweizhengtidegainianzhiwangzuoletuilizhuyijieshi,lingyifangmianduikangdezhexuejinxingleshehuihuadefazhan。bulandunbaheigeerduikangdezhexuedeshehuihuafazhanchengwei“guifandequxianyanhua”。tazhichu,heigeerbingbubarenshikanzuogetidulidejingyanpanduan,ershishiqiweitedingshidaideshehuiguifandechanwu。zhutizaijinxingpanduanhexingdongshi,zongshiyijingjuanruhuxiangdouzhengyukuai3dejutishehuiqingjingzhong。renshidezhenlixinghequedingxingwufeishianzhaodangqiancunzaideshehuiguifanjianliqilaide。zhutisuojuyoudegainiansiwei,bushiduliyuketidexianyandejiegou,ershishehuilishidechanwu。zhici,heigeerbakangdedexianyanyuanzedouzhuanhuaweileshehuizhidu。

快3  jiranzhishishitedingshidaideshehuiguifandechanwu,neimeguanyuguifanxingdeshuomingbixuyinru“lishi”deyinsu。heigeerzhexuezuiweidadechengjiuzhiyi,jiushijianglishinaruzhexuetixizhong。zheishidegegeluojigainianbushijiangsidechouxiangwu,ershigouchengleyifudongtaifazhandeluojizhiwang。ruqianwensuoshu,guifandexingchengshizhutijianxianghudouzhenghekuai3deshehuiguocheng。mougeguifandejianlishiguoquchengrendejieguo,xianqiandechengnuoduizhutijuyoumouzhongyueshuli,erweilaixuyaoduiguoqushijiandezhengqueyufoufuze。yejiushishuo,guoqujianlilemouzhonggainianguifan,weilaizetongguoguanliduiguoqudeshijianzuochupinggu。zheijiubashehuizhongdeguifannaruyigedongtaidelishibeijingzhong,shitedingshehuichanshengdemouzhongguifanbuzhiyuchengweiyigechouxiangdeyuanze。

快3  zongshang,suirankangdeduigainiandelijietigonglebiyaodeguifanxingshiye,danshibulandunbumankangdejiangxianyanyuanzeguhuazaigerenfanweinei,tajiezhuheigeersixiangziyuanxingchengletongguoxianghuchengrendeshehuishijiansuzaoguifandiweidelilun。zaibulandunduiheigeerdejiangoulunjieduzhong,tuili、shehuihelishisangeyinsuqidaoleguanjiandezuoyong,zhuzhangguifanyujiazhishishehuilishiguochengdejiangoujieguo。

  (本文系中国人民大学2018年度拔尖创新人才培育资助计划成果) 

  (作者单位: 中国人民大学哲学院) 

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