快3

||||

中国文学网

快3国马克思主义新闻观发展70年回望和前瞻

童兵
关键词 《中国社会科学报》2019年12月10日

  xinzhongguochengli70nianlai,makesizhuyixinwenguanbuduanyukuai3guoxinwenshijianxiangjiehe,shixianleyushijujindekaichuangxingfazhan,chengweizhidaokuai3guoxinwenshiyefazhandeqiangdasixiangdongli。huiguzheiyifazhanlicheng,bujinyouzhuyukuai3shulizongjie70nianlaikuai3guomakesizhuyixinwenguanfazhandeweidachengjiuhebaoguijingyan,erqieyouliyukuai3jiandingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyixinwengongzuodelinianyuxinxin,zuohaoxinshidaidangdexinwenyulungongzuo,tuidongxingchengxinshidaimakesizhuyixinwenguanfazhanxinjumian。

  新中国成立之初的新闻工作方针 

快3  1949nian9yue,zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyidiyiciquantihuiyitongguojuyoulinshixianfaxingzhide《gongtonggangling》di49tiaoguiding: baohubaodaozhenshixinwendeziyou。jinzhiliyongxinwenyijinxingfeibang,pohuaiguojiarenmindeliyiheshandongshijiezhanzheng。fazhanrenminguangboshiye。fazhanrenminchubanshiye,bingzhuyichubanyouyiyurenmindetongsushubao。zheitiaoguidingtixianlemakesizhuyixinwenguandejibenyuanzehehexinjingshen。

快3  xinzhongguochenglihou,zhonggongzhongyangbanbudediyigeyouzhongdashehuiyingxiangdeguanyuxinwenmeitidewenjianshi《guanyuzaibaozhikanwushangzhankaipipinghezikuai3pipingdejueding》(yixiajiancheng《jueding》)。zheiyi《jueding》chongfenbiaoming,zhongguogongchandangconglingdaoquanguozhengquankaizhanxinzhongguokuai3zhichu,jiubaochizheqingxingdezhengzhitounao,shishikekejianchizhepipingyuzikuai3piping。tongshiyechongfenbiaoming,zuoweizhizhengdangdezhongguogongchandang,shizhonglaojimakesizhuyixinwenguandejiaodao。cihou,weijinyibujiaqiangquandanghequanguoxinwenjiedui《jueding》deguanchezhixing,zhongyangyoutichumingqueyaoqiu,zhidingleguifanbaozhipipingdeyuanze。zheixiefenxiyijianhebaokanpipingdejingyanjiaoxun,jijianyanlemakesizhuyixinwenguanzouzhongguohuazhiludezhengquexing,youyongxindejingyanjiaoxun,yanzhenghefengfulemakesizhuyixinwenguan。

快3  xinzhongguochenglizhichu,zaidangzhongyangdelingdaohezhidaoxia,zhongguoxinwenjiejijixiangsulianxinwenjiexuexi。1950nian1yue4ri,《renminribao》shouxiankaishe《xinwengongzuo》zhuanlan,zhizai“jieshaosulianxinwengongzuojingyan”。xiangsulianxuexi,shixinzhongguonianqingdexinwengongzuozheyoujihuixitonglejiemakesi、engesi、liening、sidalin,tebieshilieningdexinwensixiang,lejiewuchanjiejixinwengongzuochuantong,zheifangmiandeshouhuoshikeguihenandede。danyouyuzhidaosixianghegongzuofangfayouqianque,xuexisulianxinwenjieyechuxianbushaowenti。1956nian5yue28ri,liushaoqitandaoxinhuashegongzuoshipipingshuo,renjiadedongxi,youdenengjiejian,youdebunengzhaoban。yushiyaoyoufenxi,buyaomixin,buyaomangcong。yaoyousikao,yaoyouchuangzaoxing,yaoyoudulixing,caikeyibashiqingbanhao。maozedongyezhichu,duisulianherenminminzhuguojiadejingyanyaoyoupipandijieshou,bunengwutiaojiandijieshou。

  毛泽东新闻思想的新发展 

快3  zixinzhongguochenglidao1956nian《renminribao》gaibanzhei7nianzhong,xinzhongguoxinwenshiyeyouzhongdadefazhan。zuoweimakesizhuyixinwenguanzhongguobiaodadebiaozhixingchengguo,kuai3yimaozedongxinwensixiangweililvezuofenxi。

快3  1948nian4yue2ri,maozedongfabiao《duijinsuiribaobianjirenyuandetanhua》,biaozhizheyidangbaolilunweihexinneirongdemaozedongxinwensixiangdezuizhongxingcheng。congbenzhishangshuo,maozedongxinwensixiangshimakesizhuyixinwenguandeyoujizuchengbufen。maozedongxinwensixiangdezhuyaoneirongyouyixia8gefangmian。

  diyi,weiwuzhuyixinwenbenyuanguan。maozedongqiangdiao,dangbaolilundezhexuejichushibianzhengweiwuzhuyi,qihexinshiduiyuxinwenbenyuanderenshi。jianchishishidiyi,xinwendier;xianyoushishi,houyouxinwendelinian。

快3  dier,dangdexinwenshiyedexingzhi。dangbandexinwenshiyeshidangzheigejudajitidexuanchuanzhehezuzhizhe,dangtongguobaozhilaixuanchuanhezuzhiguangdarenminjinxinggezhonghuodong。baozhishidangdehoushe,dangyinggaibabaozhinazaizijishouli,zuoweizuzhigongzuodeyigewuqi,fanyingzhengzhi、junshi、jingjiyouzhidaozhengzhi、junshi、jingjideyigewuqi,zuzhiqunzhonghejiaoyuqunzhongdeyigewuqi。tongyang,guangbodiantaihetongxunsheyeshidangdegongjuhewuqi。

快3  disan,dangdexinwenshiyedetexing。maozedongzhichu,xinwenshiyedetexingyeshixinwenshiyedepingehepinzhi。dangbaobixujubeidepinzhishidangxing、qunzhongxing、zhandouxinghezuzhixing。

  disi,quandangbanbaofangzhen。yishijiaqiangquandangduibaozhidelingdao,ershijiaqiangbaozhi、diantaihetongxunshedequnzhonggongzuo,kaizhantongxunyuanwangdekuai3。

快3  diwu,dangdexinwengongzuozuofeng。dangdezuofengjiushidangbao、diantai、tongxunshedezuofeng。dangdesandazuofengshi: lilunyushijianjiehe,miqielianxiqunzhong,pipingyuzikuai3piping。

快3  diliu,dangdexinwengongzuodeyewuzhidaosixiang。yishibaizhengzhengzhiyujishudeweizhi,jianchizhengzhidiyi,fanduijishudiyi;ershixinwenbixuwanquanzhenshi;sanshiduoxiexinwen、xiehaoxinwen。

  diqi,dangdexinwengongzuodewenfenghefengge。dangsuojinxingdeyiqiexuanchuangongzuo,douyingdangshishengdongde、xianmingde、jianruide,haobutuntuntutu。bixujianchizhenli,erzhenlibixuqizhixianming,danglingdaodexinwengongzuoyingyouzhandoudefengge。

  diba,dangdexinwengongzuozhedexiuyang。dangdexinwengongzuozhebixufanduizichanjiejide“wumianzhiwang”sixiang,laolaoshishidanghaorenmindegongpu,weirenminergongzuo。

快3  xinzhongguochenglidezuichu7nian,maozedongxinwensixiangdeshangshu8tiaoneirongweiquanguogengduoxinwengongzuozhehexinwenxuezhesuojieshou,dedaoguangfandechengchuanhefazhan。zheizhongfazhanzhuyaobiaoxianzaixialiesigefangmian。

快3  yishibaozhishiyidingshehuijingjijichudefanying。maozedonggenjuxinzhongguodexinjingyan,renweibaozhishuyuyishixingtaifanchou,shiyizhongshangcengjianzhu,shiyidingshehuidejingjijichutongguoxinwenshouduandefanying。

快3  ershibaozhidezuoyongshixunsuguangfandixuanchuandangdefangzhenzhengce。chuyuduishangcengjianzhuzuoyongdeshenkerenshi,maozedongshifenzhongshibaozhideshehuigongneng,qizhong,duiyumeijiezaizhengcechuanbozhongdezuoyong,tayouweikanzhong。tajiangshengbaodezuoyongjingdiandigaikuowei“zuzhi、guwu、jili、pipan、tuidong”wugefangmian,qihexinrengranshidangdezhengcechuanbo,tongguoxuanchuanzhengcelaizuzhiqunzhong,tuidongdouzhenghegongzuo。zheigejieduan,tatongyifuzexuanchuankougongzuodeliushaoqitichudeyigeguandian,jizhebujinyaoxuanchuandangdezhengce,haiyaoduidangdezhengceyoukaochayujiandudedandang。zheiyang,jiubadangdemeijiedezhengcexuanchuangongnengjiangquanmianle。

  sanshiyulunyilvyoubuyilv。maozedongyong“yulunyilv”he“yulunbuyilv”xingxiangdibiaodataguanyushehuizhuyiyanlunchubanziyouguandianheyoucierchanshengdeyanlunchubanzhengcejifalv。tabazhixufandongfenziguiguijuju,buxutamenluanshuoluandongdezhengcechengwei“yulunyilv”。zairenminneibu,shixing“yulunbuyilv”defangzhen。zheigefangzhentichulerenminqunzhongyinggaixiangyouchongfendeyanlunchubanziyouquanli,tixianlerenminminzhuzhuanzhengbaokuoduirenmindeminzhuheduidirenzhuanzhenglianggefangmiandesixiang。

  sishizhengzhijiabanbao。maozedongyaoqiuxinwenjigoulingdaorenzuodao“duomoushanduan”,buneng“duomouguaduan”,yaozhengzhijiabanbao,buyaoshushengbanbao,gengbunengsirenbanbao。

  maozedongzaixinzhongguochenglizuichu7niantichudeshangshusigefangmiandeguandian,shitagenjusuorenshidaodedangheguojiaxinhuanjing、xinwenxuanchuanxintediangaikuohetilianchulaide。zheixiexinsixiangxinguandianbujinyoulidiyindaoxinwenmeitishiyingxinzhongguodexinhuanjingxintiaojian,haifengfuhetuozhanlemakesizhuyixinwenguan。biru,makesiheengesicengzhichu,baokanshirenleizuoweirenshizhutiduishehuicunzai——ketidefanying。maozedongzejinyibuzhichu,baokanshiyunyongxinwenshouduanfanyingshehuijingjijichudechanwu。jiushehuijiegouheshehuihuodong(zhuyaoshijingjihuodong)laishuo,maozedongduibaokanbenzhishuxingdefenxi,xiandegengweishenke、gengjiajuti,yegengnengshuomingxiandaitiaojianxiadebaokanjiqitezheng。youbirumaozedongyong“yulunyilvyoubuyilv”bagejiandanhanzilaibiaodataduixinzhongguoyanlunchubanziyouquanlihefalvdezhuzhang,chongfenyunyongzhongguohanzidejudadayigongneng,bamakesi、engesi、lieningtichudebaligongsheshiqihesulianshiyuegemingqianhoudefalvtezhengdelunshu,biaodadejianjie、shenkeyoutongsumingbai。jucikeyishuo,xinzhongguozuichu7nianmaozedongxinwensixiangdefazhan,shiyouzhongguotesedemakesizhuyixinwenguan,huozheshuoshimakesizhuyixinwenguanchenggongdezhongguobiaoda。

  学界对马克思主义新闻观的初探 

  xinzhongguochenglidezuichusuiyueli,liushaoqiguanyumakesizhuyixinwenxuedeyixiechongmanchuangxinguanniandelunshuhefudandaxuexinwenxijiaoshouwangzhongduixinwenxuedekaichuangxingtansuo,zhidekuai3jintianzaisiheshenyan。

  liushaoqiguanyudangbaogaigeheduixinhuatongxunshegongzuodeliangcitanhua,guanyuguangboshiyegaigefazhandejicizhishi,youxuduoxinjianjie、xinlinian、xinjuece。zhengshizaimaozedong“shuangbaifangzhen”gulixia,zailiushaoqizheixiexinfangzhenqifaxia,wangzhongjiehezijijileiduoniandexinwenshijianjingyanheduixinzhongguoxinwenshiyedeguancha,tichulexuduoxindesilu。tayoujiezhuxuexiaoketangjiaoxuehuanjinghexinwenyejieduigaigedeqidai,shizheixiesiluheguanniandedaojiaoweiguangfandezhichihechuanbo。

  zheiyishiqiwangzhongdedaibiaoxingzhuzuoshi《xinwenxueyuanlidagang》,qizhongdexulun、xinwenshiyechanshengdeshehuitiaojian、zhengdangyubaokan、gongchandangjiqigemingbaokandejibenyuanze、chubanfa、baozhiqunzhonggongzuo、xinwenjiaoyuyuxinwenyanjiudengzhangdoushijiyutaduimakesizhuyixinwenguanderenzhi,chanshuzijisuotansuoyuzhuiqiudejingxinzhizuo。

快3  shiyijiesanzhongquanhuihou,zhongguojinrugaigekaifangquanmianfazhanxinshiqi,zhongguodexinwenxueyanjiuheduimakesizhuyixinwenguandetaolun,zaidujinrushenyanjieduan。20shijibajiushiniandaichuxiandeyixiliexinwenxueyanjiuzhongdashijian,chengweimakesizhuyixinwenguanyanjiudajinjunzhongdezhongyaodongli。

快3  zaizhenlibiaozhunwentidataolunzhong,xinwenjieyoulidizhangyangle“shijianshijianyanzhenliweiyibiaozhun”demakesizhuyizhongyaoyuanli,shizhishangyezhongshenlexinwenjiazhiguanjiqipingjiazhibiaotixizheiyimakesizhuyixinwenguandehexinneirong。

快3  1978nian,zhongguoshehuikexueyuanxinwenyuchuanboyanjiusuochengli。zheishixinzhongguodiyigeguojiajixinwenyuchuanboxueyanjiujigou。40duonianlai,gaisuozaiquanguodexinwenxueyuchuanboxueyanjiuzhongfahuileyinling、guganhezuzhizuoyong。tebieyinggaitijideshi,1980nian12yuegaisuozhubianchubanlesanjuanbende《zhongguogongchandangxinwengongzuowenjianhuibian》,gaishujiaoweiwanzhengdishoujishulilezhongguogongchandangyouguanxuexiguanchemakesizhuyixinwenguandelishiwenxian,shibukeduodedetanqiumakesizhuyizhongguohuajinchengdezhongyaoshiliaohuibian。gaisuodeyouyigegongji,shiliyongjinianmakesizhuyijingdianzuojiadanchenheshishideshiji,duocizuzhizhaokaijinianhuodong。zheixiehuodongchengweixinzhongguo70nianjianquanguoxueximakesizhuyixinwenguandezhongyaotuidongliliang。

快3  1980nian5yue,xibeiwubaozailanzhoulianhezhaokaidaxingxinwenxueshutaolunhui。huishangtichudezhuduowenti,doutongmakesizhuyixinwenguanmiqiexiangguan。zhengshizheicidahuizhihou,yipizhongqingnianxuezhedaizhexinwenshifoushiyimenkexue、xinwenchuanboyouwuguilvkexun、dangbaodedangxingyurenminxingguanxidengwenti,kaishiyoujihuadiyanjiumakesizhuyixinwenguanzhuduoyuanliyuguannian。yezhengshizheizhiduiwu,buduantuichushuipingjiaogaodemakesizhuyixinwenguanyanjiuchengguo。

  zaiquanguorelieshenrudiyanjiumakesizhuyixinwenguandelangchaozhong,zhongguorenmindaxuexinwenxijiaoshouganxifenyu1982niangongkaichubanlexinzhongguodiyibuxinwenlilunzhuzuo《xinwenlilunjichu》。gaishuchugaochengyu1980nian7yue,zaisuihoudeliangnianli,ganxifenjiaoshoufanfuxiugai,liqiuyongmakesizhuyixinwenguanweililunzhidao,jiangqingchuwuchanjiejixinwenshiyetongxianshishenghuo、tongqunzhong、tongdangzheisanzhedeguanxi;tongguoduizheixieguanxidelunshu,jiangqingchuxinwenshiyedeyixiliegenbenwenti。tahaibiaoshi,taliqiujinkenengxiangduzhechuanbomakesi、engesi、liening、sidalin、maozedongguanyuxinwenfangmiandezhongyaolundian,yixianshimakesizhuyixinwenlilunyuanyuanliuzhang,rangqingnianyidaixinwengongzuozhenengyigemingqianbeiweishi。

  1977nianhe1978nianqianhoujinxiaodeyipibenkeshengheyanjiushengzhengfengqishi。zhengshizheipixueshengtebieshishuyibaijideshuoshiyanjiusheng,henkuaichengweixuexiheyanjiumakesizhuyixinwenguandehuoyuefenzi。jingguoshijiniandechuilian,zheizhiduiwuyijingchengweixinzhongguo70nianjianyanjiumakesizhuyixinwenguandezhongjianliliang。1984nian,zhongguorenmindaxuehefudandaxuekaishizhaoshouxinwenxuezhuanyeboshiyanjiusheng,xinzhongguokaishiyoulezijipeiyangdezuigaocengcidexinwenzhuanyerencai。zhidezhichudeshi,shoujieboshiyanjiushengruxuezhihou,douyimakesizhuyixinwenguanweiyanjiuzhuti。biyezhihou,tamenchubanlezuichuyipimakesizhuyixinwenguanyanjiuchengguo。

  马克思主义新闻观的深耕与发展 

  dangdeshibadayilai,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidai。zaizheigeweidadeshidai,xijinpingzongshujitichu,“yaoshenrukaizhanmakesizhuyixinwenguanjiaoyu,bamakesizhuyixinwenguanzuoweidangdexinwenyulungongzuode‘dingpanxing’”,yindaoguangdaxinwenyulungongzuozhezuodangdezhengcezhuzhangdechuanbozhe、shidaifengyundejiluzhe、shehuijinbudetuidongzhe、gongpingzhengyideshouwangzhe。

快3  shijishang,zigaigekaifangyilai,dangdezuigaolingdaorendouweimakesizhuyixinwenguanyanjiudeshengengzuolexuduozhuoyueyouxiaodegongzuo。dengxiaopingyaoqiu,danglingdaodexinwenmeijieyaozhengqueyindaoyulun,chengweiguojiaandingtuanjiedesixiangzhongxin,zheishiduimakesihelieningtichudedangbaoyulunzhongxinlundezhijiejicheng。jiangzemintichuyulungongzuo“huofulun”: yulundaoxiangzhengque,shidangherenminzhifu;yulundaoxiangcuowu,shidangherenminzhihuo。tahaitichuxinwenganbuyaoyou“wugegendi”“liugezuofeng”delunshu,bamakesizhuyixinwenguanguanyuxinwenjizhedesuzhixiuyangdeyaoqiujutihua、zhongguohuale。hujintaotichu“yirenweiben”dexinwenyulungongzuozongzhi,bamakesizhuyixinwenguanzhongzunzhongren、aihuren、weirendefuzhikuai3deguandianxiangqiantuijinle。

  makesizhichu,lilunzaiyigeguojiashixiandechengdu,zongshijuedingyulilunmanzuzheigeguojiadexuyaodechengdu。xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdetichu,zhengshuomingdangdeshijiudahouzhongguoxuyaozheigesixiang。xijinpingzongshujiguanyuxinwenyulunjixuanchuangongzuodeyixiliezhongyaolunshu,zhengyoulidituidongzhemakesizhuyixinwenguanzaizhongguodefazhan。congdangdeshibadayilai,xijinpingzongshujiduixinwenyulungongzuodelunshuzhuyaoyou10gefangmian。

  diyi,gaoduzhongshiyishixingtaigongzuodezuoyongyudiwei;dier,qieshijiaqiangdangduixinwenyulungongzuodelingdao;disan,guancheyirenminweizhongxindejibenfanglve;disi,shouzhengchuangxin,jianchizhengmianxuanchuanweizhudefangzhen;diwu,dalijiaqiangwangluoanquanhexinxihuagongzuo;diliu,zengqiangguojihuayuquanhejianghaozhongguogushi;diqi,jianshouxinwenchuanboguilvhexinmeitiyunzuoguilv;diba,tuidongxinwenxuexuekehexinwenhuayukuai3;dijiu,zhongshixinwenyulungongzuorencaidepeiyanghejiaoyu;dishi,jiaqiangmakesizhuyixinwenguanjiaoyuheyanjiu。shifenmingxian,zhei10gefangmianbamakesizhuyixinwenguandexuexi、jiaoyu、yanjiutishengdaolexindeshuiping,shixinzhongguo70nianmakesizhuyixinwenguanfazhandexinchengjiu。

  zaidangzhongyangdezhengquelingdaoxia,makesizhuyixinwenguanzaizhongguochengxianchusigefazhanzoushi,yishijiehezhengzaiquanguoshenrukaizhande“buwangchuxin、laojishiming”zhutijiaoyuhuodong,makesizhuyixinwenguandejiaoyuheyanjiujiangshiqizhongdeyigezhongdian,yidinghuichanchugengduogengyoushuipingdexueshuchengguo。ershizaibuxiaogongjianxinwenyuanxiaoxinxingshixia,makesizhuyixinwenguanjiaoyujinketang、jinjiaocai、jintounao,zaizhuhunyurenfangmianjianghuiyouxindejinzhan。sanshisuizhe“zhuoyuexinwenchuanborencaijiaoyupeiyangjihua2.0”deshixing,makesizhuyixinwenguanjiaoyuheyanjiujianghuizaishizi、jiaocai、jiaoxuedenggehuanjiededaoqieshijiaqiang。sishiyouyuxinwencaibiangangweikaoshidetuidong,yijixinwendanweishehuizerenbaogaozhiduguifanhuadejiaqiang,xinwenmeitiduimakesizhuyixinwenguandexuexiheguanchejianghuitishengdaoxindeshuiping。

  (作者系复旦大学新闻学院学术委员会主任、文科特聘资深教授) 

快3_快3河北-官方版 时时彩票_时时彩票软件【官方网站】 正规的彩票app_正规的彩票app合集_【官网推荐】 幸运农场_幸运农场彩票-专业购彩APP 彩票app下载_彩票app下载最新|平台-Welcome 彩票官网_彩票官网app|网站首页 十大彩票_十大彩票投注平台-官方推荐 中国体育彩票_中国体育彩票官方网站_【官网】 幸运赛车_幸运赛车网址-老品牌最信誉 彩票投注_彩票投注平台app下载『欢迎您』 时时彩官网_时时彩官网平台-官网