快3

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中国文学网

郑振铎与古籍整理出版事业的起步

陈福康

快3   2018nian1yue17ri《zhonghuadushubao》fabiaoqihuanxin《bunengwangquedejinian——gujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozuchengliliushizaiji》,shiyipianhenjishihenzhongyaodewenzhang。kuai3queshibunengwangque,zhengzhengliushinianqiande2yue,zaidangzhongyangdegaoduzhongshihelingdaoxia,guowuyuankexueguihuaweiyuanhuizaibeijingzhaokailequanguogujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozudechenglidahui,zheishikuai3guoxueshushihechubanshishangdeyijianhuashidaidedashi。youci,kuai3guoyoujiudegujizhengligongzuohechubangongzuodiyiciyoulequanmiandeguihuahetongyidebushu。liushinianlai,kuai3guojiazaizhonghuagujizhengli、biaodian、yingyin、chubanfangmian,zaigujizhengliyanjiurencaipeiyangfangmian,junqudelejushizhumudechengji,douyuzheigeguihuaxiaozudeyouxiaodegongzuofenbukai。kuai3duleqihuanxinwenzhang,gandongzhiyuhaiyouhuayaoshuo,xiangzuodianzhongyaobuchong。

快3  qiwenzaidierjie《zhengshichengli》zhong,tidaoleyiju: “gujixiaozuchengyuanzhengzhenduo、jianbozan、panzinianzaidahuishangfenbiejiuwenxue、lishi、zhexuedegujizhenglichubancaomujihuazuoleshuoming。”qihou,zhizaixiedaoguihuaxiaozuchengyuanmingdanhedangnianqicaogujizhenglichubanguihuadedifang,feichangjiandanditileyixiazhengzhenduodemingzi。qiwenzuihoudezongjieshi: “zaigujixiaozudefazhanlichengzhong,qiyanminghejincanrandemingzishibunengwangjide,tamenyouzhekaichuangzhigong,bujimingbujili,weikuai3guogujizhenglichubanshiyediandinglefazhandejichu。zhicigujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozuchengliliushizhounian、qiyanmingqushisishizhounian、jincanrandanshengyibailingwunianzhiji,jinyiciwenxiangtamenzhijing。”erkuai3renweibixuqiangdiaozhichu,jiukaichuangzhigongeryan,jiudiandingjichueryan,zhengzhenduodezhongyaogongxianjuebuzaiqi、jinerweizhixia。

快3  qiwenxiedao: “1956nian5yue15ri,wenhuabuxiangzhongyangxuanchuanbuchengsong《guanyukuai3guogujichubangongzuoguihuadeqingshibaogao》”“1957nian,wenhuabufubuzhangqiyanmingkaishizheshouzhuagujizhenglichubangongzuo”。keshishishi,1957nianqiyanmingbingmeiyoudanrenwenhuabufubuzhang(tadangshidanrendeshiguowuyuanfumishuzhang、zonglibangongshizhuren),yaodao1960nian2yuecaijianrenwenhuabufubuzhang(cishizhengzhenduoyijingxishengyinianduole)。erxianzai,kuai3renweiduidangnianwenhuabudengjigoudedanganjixuzuzhirenlizuogengshenrudefajuehezhengli,jinjinyinyongyichubande《zhonghuarenmingongheguochubanshiliao》zhongde《wenhuabudangzuguanyukuai3guogujichubangongzuoguihuadeqingshibaogao》shibugoude。kuai3henxuyaolejiezheifenqingshibaogaoxingchengdeguocheng。zhengzhenduobushiwenhuabudangzuchengyuan(tabushidangyuan),danrensuogongzhi,1956、1957nianzhengzhenduozhengshiwenhuabufubuzhang,erqiezhengshidangshiwenhuabulingdaorenzhongzhuanmenfuzegujizhenglichubangongzuodefubuzhang。liru,qiwentidaode1950niandaibeijingchengligujichubanshe(hougaishe1957nianbingruzhonghuashuju)yishi,zhengzhenduojiushizhuyaodecehuazhehelingdaozhe。youguanzheifangmiandeshiliaoxianzaihaihenshaojian,dan1953nian12yue22riyeshengtaorijijiujizai: “bangwanyao(wang)boxianglaixiaoyin,yutan(gu)jiegangjinhouzhigongzuo,qiweiruojinzhigaosiyingchubanshe,shufeisuoyi。boxiangweikexueyuangudailishiyanjiusuoyouyizhaozhi,zhenduobinggaoyikuai3shujiangshegujichubanshe,yiniqingqicanjia。juyunjiegangcengbiaoshimingnianshuzhongkezeyierrenzhi。”yeshengtaoshichubanzongshufushuzhang,danyaochengligujichubansheyishiquesihuzuizaoshicongwangboxiangneilitingdezhengzhenduoshuode,zhengzhenduohaiyouyiqinggujiegangqugujichubanshegongzuo。1956nian6yue10riwangboxiangrijizai: “xidi(an,jizhengzhenduo)yizhengligujijihuagao,yudiaoyuzhigujichubanshecanyuqishi。”tongnian7yue2rigujiegangrijijizai: “(chen)naiqianyouzhenduodiaozhigujichubanshegongzuo,congcigaisheyouneixingrenyi。”1957nian1yue5rizhengzhenduoriji: “bashiban,daobubangong。……hejincanrantangujichubansheshi。”kezhizhengzhenduozaizheijianshishangshiqilezhongyaozuoyongde。

  zhengzhenduobenlaijiushikuai3guojindaicongshigujizhengliyanjiuhechubangongzuodexianchangzhehexianxingzhe,biqiyanming、jincanrandenggujizhenglichubantongxingdeziliyaolaodeduo。tajiyoulilun,youyoushijian。zheifangmiandeneirongkeyixiechengzhangpianlunwenshenzhizhuanzhu,zheilizhinengjiandantantan,erqiezhitantadeyouguanlilunhechangdao。kuai3renwei,zhangqibeirenhushideshi,zaiwusiyilaizhongguoxinwenhuayundongshishang,diyigetichu“zhenglijiuwenxue”kouhaoderenjiushizhengzhenduo。1920nianqiu,zhengzhenduozuoweihexinrenwuzaibeijingyunniangzuzhiminguoshiqidiyigezuidadexinwenxueshetuan“wenxueyanjiuhui”shi,beigongtuiweihuizhangdeqicaoren。taqicaodehuizhangkaizongmingyiyijuhuashi: “benhuiyiyanjiujieshaoshijiewenxue,zhenglizhongguojiuwenxue,chuangzaoxinwenxueweizongzhi。”jiang“zhenglizhongguojiuwenxue”yu“yanjiujieshaoshijiewenxue”“chuangzaoxinwenxue”binglie,yiqizuoweiwenxuegongzuozhederenwu,zheizaixinwenxueshishangshishouci;erqie,zaizhenggexinwenxueshetuanshishang,jiangzheisanzhetongshizuoweizongzhide,yibingshiwuer。er1921nian1yue,juyouhuawenxueshishidaiyiyide《xiaoshuoyuebao》gexinhaojuanshou,zai《gaigexuanyan》houjinjiezhekanzaidediyipianwenzhangzhengzhenduode《wenyicongtan》dediyijuhuajiuzhichu: “xianzaizhongguodewenxuejiayouliangzhongdezhongdadezeren: yishizhenglizhongguodewenxue;ershijieshaoshijiedewenxue。”zheishenzhijiangzhenglizhongguojiuwenxuezheigerenwuzhiyujieshaowaiguowenxuezhiqian。1923nian1yue,zhengzhenduoyouzai《xiaoshuoyuebao》kaipile《zhengliguoguyuxinwenxueyundong》zhuanlan,bujinxiele《faduan》,erqiefabiaozhongyaolunwen《xinwenxuezhikuai3yuguoguzhixinyanjiu》,zaicilunshugujizhengligongzuodezhongyaoxing。1934nian1yue,zhengzhenduoyouzaitazhubiande《wenxue》yuekanshangfabiao《biaodiangushuyutichangjiuwenxue》,bochiyourenshuodezhengligujijiushitichangjiuwenxue,qiangdiaoyinggaizhenglichuban: “(yi)yibanzhuanmenxuezhesuoxuyaodeleishushide‘tongshi’yu‘zhengshu’,xiang《ershisishi》《jiutong》zhilei,yingzixidejiayiduanju,biaodian,binggefuyi‘suoyin’zhileidefulu……(er)juanzhijudadedizhiheshishu,yijiyiqieyouyongdecankaoshuji……(san)bianji《jingjishizhangbian》zhilei……(si)zhongyaodeweidademingzhu,huobaoluojiaoguangdezongji,xiang《lefushiji》《chuci》《shijing》《quantangshi》《dugongbuji》《baixiangshanji》《huajianji》《lufangwengji》dengdeng……”tazai1930niandaihaizhuanxieguotiwei《gujizhenglidexinqingxiangyuxinfangfa》dezhangwen(huozhuanzhu),kexiweifabiao,jinjianxiangxitiganghebufenshougao。shangmianjulidezheixiedoushitazaijiuzhongguoxiede。kezhitazaojiuyijingtichuyaozhenglibiaodian《ershisishi》dengshule。

  xinzhongguoyichengli,bujinguojiarenmingtaquanmianfuzequanguodewenwukaogugongzuohetuboshiyedeng,erqiecongyikaishitajiubeixuanweiquanguozhengxiedewenjiaozuzuzhang、quanguowenliandeyanjiububuzhanghequanguozuoxiedegudianwenxuebubuzhangdengdeng,erzheixiegongzuodouyugujizhenglimiqieyouguan。jusongyunbin、wangboxiangdengrenriji,zaozai1950nian,zhengzhenduojiuzuzhileyigegudianwenxuezhengliweiyuanhui。1952nian1yue19ri,zhengzhenduozaizhixusenyuxinzhongshuo: “kuai3yibixubianzuanruoganbukongqiandedashu,jiangguoqudewenhuayishuzuoyigezongjie。chengqianqihou,jinzhengqishi。……《quansongshi》《quanmingqu》yikezheshou。《shisanjing》《niansishi》zhilei,yebixujiayizhengli。gongzuoshizaitaiduo,ruonengjizhongzhongli,bikewanchengxuduoweidadegongzuoye。”1956nian11yue25ri,tazai《renminribao》fabiao《tanyinshu》,zhichu: “fanxuyaoliangbijiaoda,erqieyinggaijiayizhongxinzhengli,shenzhibixujiayixinzhu、xinjiedegushu,xiang《shisanjing》《ershisishi》zhilei,zekuai3dejizhongxiezhuanjiamenzuzhizhuanmendebianjiweiyuanhui,fenbiejinxingzhengligongzuo,binengyujinianhuoshijinianzhinei,youmianmaoquanxin、xiaokanjingliangdezhonghuarenmingongheguobande《shisanjing》《ershisishi》chuban。zaizheifangmian,shuolaihuazhang,nixiezhuanwenlunzhi……”zheishijianguohouzhengzhenduozuizaozaidangbaoshangzhengshifabiaodeshejitiyizhenglibiaodian《ershisishi》《shisanjing》dengdewenzhang。1957nian2yue8ritazhipanjingzhengxinzhongyetidao: “zhengzaikaolv,ruhejinxingbijiaoqieshiyouyongdegongzuo,liruzhongyinzhengliguode《shisanjing》《niansishi》zhilei,cishibuzuo,cixianggongzuobianjiangwurennengzuole!xinjinhuochuan、chengxianqihoudeshiye,zhengdaikuai3beicongshizhiye。”yigeyuehou,3yue18ri,tazhongyuzhengshixiechule“zhuanwenlunzhi”de《zhengligushudetiyi》,suihoufabiaoyu4yue25ritazhubiandequanguozhengxieneibukanwu《zhengxiehuikan》shang,yinqiledangheguojiazuigaolingdaodegaoduzhongshi(youguanpishiheqingjieshangdaifajuegongbu)。kuai3renweibixuzhichu,guojiagujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozude“chenglibeijing”,xianranjiuyuzhengzhenduozheipianzhongyao“tiyi”youguan。

  qiwenmeiyoutigujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozuchengliqiandeyicifeichangzhongyaodechoubeihuiyi,erzheigezhongyaohuiyijiushizaizhengzhenduojializhaokaide,zujianzhengzhenduozaigujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozuchoujianzhongdehexindiwei。jiuzaifabiao《zhengligushudetiyi》lianggeyuehoude6yue30ri,zhengzhenduorijijizai: xiawu“liushixu,huangluofeng、jincanran、wangrenshu、qiyanming、zhouyang、linmohan、wuhandeng,zaicibiancan,taolunbianyingushushi。zheicixialejuexin,yiyoujieguo。youqiyanmingtongzhizuzhiguihuaweiyuanhui,fuzejinxing。”cihou,choubeigongzuoyouqiyanmingfuze,erzhengzhenduoyeshizuochulezhongyaogongxiande,tebieshizheigeguihuaxiaozuzhongyaozuchengbufendewenxuexiaozudegongzuo。niandi12yue29ri,zhengzhenduoriji: “jiushi,daoqiyanmingtongzhichu,tanyingyingushushi,jizaineiliwucan。”yiri,zhengzhenduorijiyouji: “xiawuershixu,boxiang、feiyun(an,jizhaowanli)lai,jiewangwenxueyanjiusuo,canjia‘wenxuexiaozu’guihuahuiyi。”wangboxiangrijiyejizai: “wuqiandexididianhua,……ershiqianzhixidijiawuzhi,zuofuding,feiyunzhi。gaiyitongyuezuotanzhe。shaozuo,sanrentongchengchucheng,jingyiwenyansuo。zhizecanran、(he)qifang、(yu)guanying、mocun(an,jiqianzhongshu)、zishu(an,jisunkaidi)yixianzai。youqing,xintian(an,jiluochangpei)、tianxing(an,jiweijiangong)、(you)guoenjiezhi。sanshikaihui,youxidi、qifang、canranxianhoushuomingshouguowuyuankexueguihuaweiyuanhuigujizhengliguihuaxiaozuweituo,qicaoguanyuwenxuefangmianzhe(gongfensandalei,jizhexue、shixue、wenxue)。jiaohuanyijianhou,tuizaichangzhurenfenrenqicao。yuyuxidi、feiyunrenwenxuejibenshujizhimulu,dingyuyiyuesanrishangwujixidijiadongbi。”

  qihou1yue3rizhengzhenduoriji: “jiushixu,boxiang、wanlilai,yitongqicaokexueguihuazhongdeguanyuwenxuegujidefanyin、zhenglijihua。nichuleyizhang356zhongdeshudan,youzaiqizhongxuanchuzuizhongyaodezuopin100yuzhong,bixujiayijingxuandedushu52zhong,yiji‘neibuziliao’demulu16zhong。zheigegongzuo,daoxiawuwushigaocheng。”tongriwangboxiangrijiyeyoujizai。5ri,zhengzhenduoyoujingxinzuolediaozheng,bingzairijizhongxiedao: “qishixuqi。……zhenglishudan,fenweiwuzhong: jibencongshufan360zhong;wenyiganbubidushufan120zhong;yingjiayijinggongzhenglidefan60zhong;yibanwenyiqingnianjiganbubidudedubenfan52zhong;neibucankaocongshufan16zhong。sicijiayiyifanzhengli,zukuiquanmao,bingkekanchuqingzhonghuanjilai。shiyishiban,gongzuobi。”1yue30rizhengzhenduoriji: “xiawu……sishi,zaineilikaigujizhengliheyinxingdexiaozuhui。qiyanming、panzinian、jianbozan、jincanranzhutongzhijunzai。tanlekaichenglihuideshi。”31ri,zhengzhenduoyouji: “ershiban,daowenxueyanjiusuo,canjiakexueguihuaweiyuanhuidezhengli、zhongyingujixiaozudewenxuefangmiandezuotanhui。daozheyouqiyanming、qianzhongshu、heqifang、wangboxiang、yuguanying、xudiaofu、jincanran、wuxiaolingzhuren。”

  2yue9rishangwu,zaiquanguozhengxielitangdierhuiyishizhaokailegujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozudezhengshichenglidahui。huiyiliankailesangeshangwu,zheizaizhengzhenduo、wangboxiang、gujiegang、shuxinchengdengrenderijizhong,douliuxialezhenguidejizai。shuxinchengzairijizhongjidongdigantan: “ciciduigujiguihuakechengqianwuguren,yuanshenglidaihuangdideliliang。renminzhengquanzhiyouyuejizaici。”diyitianhuiyizhongwu,zhengzhenduohaizhuanmenqinglexusenyu、jinzhaozi、xujiarui、liyimang、zhaowanlidengjiweiyuhuideyourendaozijijialijucanchangtan。zhengzhenduosuiranzhuyaofuzewenxuexiaozudegongzuo,danshijishangtayizhiduizhenggeguihuaxiaozu(baokuoshixuexiaozu、zhexuexiaozu)degongzuodoushishifenguanxinde。yigeyuehoude3yue13ri,《renminribao》shejuxingzuotanhui,zhengzhenduo、panzinian、jianbozandengrenchuxi,zhengzhenduozaihuishangdefayanhouyi《ranggurenweijinrenkuai3》weiti,fabiaoyu18ri《renminribao》。tazaifayanzhongzaicitichu: “ru《ershisishi》,yidingyaoyouzhonghuarenmingongheguozijidebanben。daoxianzaiweizhi,haimeiyoufenzhangduanju、jiasuoyinde《ershisishi》。zheigaoqilaibingbutainan,duiduzhequedayouyongchu,danshikuai3bingmeiyouzuo。hanchaohaiyou‘zhangjuzhiru’,kuai3weishenmebuzheimozuo?”

  qiwentichu,zaijiniangujizhenglichubanguihuaxiaozuchengliliushizhounianzhiji,yinggaitongshijinianqiyanmingshishisishizhounian、jincanrandanshengyibailingwuzhounian。kuai3duicifeichangzantong。zhengzhenduozaiguihuaxiaozuzhengshichenglihoubujiu,jiubuxingyinfeijishishierzhuangliexisheng,zhuangshijizhiyimo,bunengzaiweikuai3guodegujizhenglichubanguihuashiyezuochugengduodegongxian,yinerhenduodegongzuobianzhuyaoyouqi、jindengtongzhilaidanrenle。danshi,kuai3jintianrengranbuyinggaiwangquezhengzhenduobujimingbujilidekaichuang、dianjizhigong!jinnianyezhengshitadeyibaiershizhouniandanchenhexishengliushizhounian,yincitexieciduanwenxiangtazhijing!

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